Wesel is located in the middle of the unique Lower Rhine landscape with Rhine plains and old arms of the Rhine, fields, orchards and forests and is home to a variety of rare animals and plants. The location on the Rhine, Lippe and Issel Rivers has a massive influence on the habitat. Furthermore, the characteristic willows define the landscape, which represent a symbol of the Lower Rhine and even decorate the coat of arms of the city of Wesel. Moreover, there is a large protection area in Wesel consisting of nature preserve regions, the bird sanctuary "Unterer Niederrhein" as well as the Natura 2000 region.
Nature preserve + NATURA 2000
The Diersfordter Forest, as a nature preserve and NATURA 2000 project, is a part of the Hohe Mark nature park. The forest stops by a dune landscape, which was formed during the past ice age from the sands of the nearby Rhine valley. Old oak and pine dominate the forests. Black, green and small woodpeckers, oriole, pied flycatcher and tree pipit as well as hawk, mouse and wasp buzzard. Above all in the area of the preserve, in which there is black, red and deer are located, are characterised by the old oak and birch.
The nature preserve has two records to offer: The largest population of the rare stag beetle is found in the largest acidophilus oak forests in North Rhine Westphalia.
Small moor areas are found throughout where there are rare types of animals and plants. The largest body of water is the "Schwarzes Wasser", which gets its name due to its humic acid typical for moors, which give the water a deep brown to black colour. The region identified by low-nutrient waters and soil is home to many special and rare animals and plants. Cotton grass, water plantain or the flesh-eating plants sundew and lesser bladderwort can be found here just as dragonflies or the little grebe and Canadian geese.
The Diersfordter Forest is a contribution from NRW to the European protection region network NATURA 2000. The Flora-Fauna-Habitat (FFH) directive obligates the EU member states to identify particularly ideal FFH regions and to contribute to the biological variety and preservation of the European natural habitat through its protection.
Multiple nature preserves come together at the Weseler Aue. These include the European bird sanctuary "Unterer Niederrhein", the nature preserve "Weseler Aue" and the European FFH region "WeselerAue". During the "Discoveries in the Weseler Aue" project, the biological station offers an app-supported option to discover Wesel "on your own" for visitors to the region. You can discover the variety of the nature on the north side of the Auesee.
The natural redesign of the Lippe estuary is worthwhile. A landscape is being created on an area of nearly 200 football fields through which the Lippe flows and finally ends up in the Rhine - a unique renaturation project.